Broad Beans, one of the oldest crops in the world, has been grown since 6000 BC and is characterized by growing in any soil, in any climate, and is therefore widely cultivated worldwide , Originates in South Africa, parts of South Asia, and is a well-known nutritionist in the diet of ancient Greeks and Romans, a good source of proteins, many vitamins, minerals.
Benefits of beans
The beans contain many vitamins, minerals that make it very useful to human health, and these benefits:
- Heart Health: Beans are a good source of B vitamins, such as Thiamine, which is associated with congestive heart failure. 100 g of beans contains about half of a person’s daily needs The beans also contain Folate, which is important to increase the flexibility of the arteries and reduce the thickness of the walls, which reduces the risk of heart attacks, in addition to the beans are very low saturated fats.
- Parkinson’s Disease: Beans are a good source of L-dopa, a component of Parkinson’s disease. Studies have shown that eating beans increases levodopa levels in the blood and improves their motor performance In addition, eating beans do not cause any side effects, unlike Parkinson’s.
- Weight control: The bean is low in calories and contains large amounts of fiber. One cup of boiled beans contains 36% of the daily fiber requirement and 25% of its daily protein needs. Therefore, it is a good source of protein. Having overweight or obese people with a low-calorie diet, rich in fiber and protein, leads to a higher weight loss and helps lower blood cholesterol levels.
- Blood pressure: The beans contain potassium in good quantities, which helps to reduce high blood pressure, and promotes kidney function, heart, and some studies have shown that the addition of a mixture of chickpeas, lentils and beans daily to the diet of people with type 2 diabetes, leading to reduced sugar levels and blood pressure.
- Relieve constipation: Beans prevent and reduce constipation because they contain high levels of soluble and insoluble fiber, and fiber helps balance intestinal acid levels, reducing the risk of colorectal cancer.
- Bone health: Fiber in the beans promotes the absorption of many minerals, such as Calcium is important for bone health, so people with bone diseases or people exposed to these diseases, such as menopausal women, are advised to take an appropriate amount of fiber.
- Immunostimulation: The beans contain many nutrients that play an important role in strengthening immunity, such as vitamins C, B, K, zinc, magnesium, and manganese. It contains chemical compounds called isoflavones, And protects against the incidence of certain types of cancers.