In order to avoid complications of pregnancy and childbirth and to ensure the proper growth of the fetus, the body needs more minerals, vitamins and nutrients during pregnancy, and the body needs more calories up to 500 calories In a single day, especially in the last two thirds of the pregnancy, while at the same time be careful to get a balanced diet contains appropriate amounts of proteins, fats, sugars.
Because eating large amounts of food can lead to weight gain significantly, which may increase the chance of gestational diabetes, and the occurrence of complications of pregnancy and childbirth, it is worth mentioning that weight increase in a specific rate is normal during pregnancy, Blood and the ability of the body to absorb iron during pregnancy, so be careful to eat meals rich in iron to ensure that the body of the mother and fetus enough amounts of it.
Useful foods for pregnant women:
As mentioned above, the pregnant mother should have a healthy and integrated diet. Here are some useful foods during pregnancy that provide many important nutrients for the pregnant mother.
Dairy products contain adequate amounts of important proteins such as casein, whey, and other important nutrients such as calcium, phosphorus, magnesium, zinc, and a variety of different vitamin E.
are important foods for pregnant mothers because they contain many different nutrients that are important for maternal safety and fetal development, such as choline, which is essential for many tasks in the body, such as brain growth.
Legumes are important sources of many essential nutrients during pregnancy, such as fiber, proteins, calcium, iron, vitamins, and vitamin B9, known as folic acid, a very important element of maternal and fetal safety, especially during The first stages of pregnancy.
Sweet potatoes are a rich source of fiber that helps eliminate digestion problems, helps maintain blood sugar levels. Sweet potatoes are also a source of beta-carotene, It is important to avoid the intake of large amounts of vitamin A source that come from meat because of some toxic effects that may occur as a result of high vitamin A high degree in the body.
Fish oil contains many important nutrients during pregnancy, such as vitamin A, vitamin D, and omega-3 fatty acids, which is essential for fetal growth and brain development. Pregnant mothers with low amounts of vitamin D during pregnancy are at risk of preeclampsia or preeclampsia, a serious complication associated with the appearance of protein in the urine, swelling of the hands and feet, and high blood pressure in the pregnant mother.
Foods to avoid for pregnant women:
Although women can eat most types of foods moderately during pregnancy, there are some foods that are preferred to avoid during pregnancy, including the following:
Some types of meat:
Pregnant women should avoid eating raw meat or uncooked meat because of the risk of containing some bacteria and viruses that may lead to food, poisoning, and should avoid eating cold meat such as luncheon meat because of the risk of infection with bacteria Listeria Which may across the placenta and cause infection in the fetus, which may expose the mother to the risk of miscarriage.
Cheese or non-pasteurized milk:
These products can contain the bacteria mentioned in Listeria, so be careful to eat pasteurized or sterilized milk and its derivatives only.
Foods that do not contain nutritional value:
such as potato chips, desserts, and biscuits, because they contain large amounts of sugars and fats, and do not contain sufficient nutritional value, which may increase the weight of the pregnant woman.