The fruit of round pomegranate and many seeds are delicious fruit consumed and consumed all over the world. Its origins are Iran, Afghanistan, China, and India, and its cultivation has spread from Iran to the Mediterranean countries, the Turkish-European borders, the US southwest, California and Mexico. It is grown in Malaysia and tropical African regions.
Components of pomegranate peel
Pomegranate contains a lot of antioxidants, and pomegranate peel, which occupies about 26% to 30% of the weight of the fruit contains large amounts of antioxidants, such as phenolic compounds such as flavonoids (anthocyanins) and catechins, and compounds Other flavonoids in addition to tannin bionically compounds, Cianciola,Gallic acid, and ellagic acid. The pomegranate peel and pomegranate juice are concentrated in the pomegranate juice and account for about 92% of the antioxidants found in the fruit. Pomegranate husks, most of which are disposed of, contain much more antioxidants than the pulp. Therefore, dietary supplements can be made from pomegranate extract Which will be more useful than the extract of pomegranate pulp itself, and in this article the health benefits that science discovered for pomegranate peel.
Benefits of pomegranate peel
Fight obesity and fat accumulated in the body
A number of scientific researches have been found to play an important role in weight loss. Pomegranate extract, pomegranate extract, and pomegranate juice have been tested in the fight against obesity, and each has positive results not only in obesity but in many other health aspects. Pomegranate helps weight loss as a result of its ability to inhibit pancreatic lipase enzyme activity, which works to digest fat, thereby reducing the absorption of fat in the body, its ability to reduce the quantity of calories consumed, as well as its role as anti-oxidant and anti-inflammatory.
One study has examined the effect of wheat bread with pomegranate powder on weight loss in rats with a high-fat diet. The results found that rats who ate pomegranate bread ate less food and gained less weight and weight The researchers concluded from this study that replacing part of the wheat flour with pomegranate peel powder in the preparation of bread has resulted in positive benefits in weight control and in antioxidant effects, This effect can be attributed to the fact that bread with pomegranate powder needs to chew more and thus more energy and eating less food because of its higher content of dietary fiber and its effect on pancreatic lipase enzyme. It also reduces the toxic effects of the high-fat diet.
Treatment of ulcerative colitis
Ulcerative colitis is an inflammatory condition and ulcers that affect the mucous layer of the colon. Symptoms include anal bleeding, diarrhea, pain at the exit, and abdominal pain, a disease characterized by non-continuous inflammation, ie, its symptoms can calm down and then break down again. To lifelong treatment, and many people with this disease resort to alternative therapies. Pomegranate peel was popularly used to treat many cases such as infections, infections, diarrhea and ulcers. One study examined the effect of the pomegranate peel extract on the symptoms of ulcerative colitis. Patients were given 6 grams of dry pomegranate peel daily and compared with a group of patients The placebo was found to have improved the health of patients and reduced their need for diarrheal drugs.
Resistance to infections
There are several scientific evidence to indicate the role of pomegranate extracts in the fight against infections and sensitivities, where many of its components inhibit the secretion of nitric oxide and prostaglandin 2 and thus prevent the formation of proteins responsible for the inflammatory situation, and one study found an effective role of pomegranate in reducing Secretion of cytokines responsible for inflammation in the body, and thus the benefits of using pomegranate peel in the resistance to inflammation is summarized as:
- It reduces the risk of diseases that the inflammatory state increases the risk of infection such as emphysema.
- It reduces acute respiratory distress syndrome, atherosclerosis, damage to tissue (such as the heart) after an interruption of blood, and then returning due to hypoxia, malignant diseases and rheumatoid arthritis.
Antioxidants generally work to fight cancer, and pomegranate contains high concentrations of antioxidants that make it loaded with anti-cancer compounds. Studies have found a role for some pomegranate peel components in fighting the growth of cancer cells and motivating their death in many cancers such as colon and prostate cancer Breast cancer and some types of leukemia.
Anti-bacterial to fight infection
Polyphenols, flavonoids, and digestible tannins extracted from fruits, vegetables and herbs work to fight many bacteria, resist and treat many infections. Phenolic compounds kill bacteria by depositing cell membrane proteins and inhibiting their enzymes.
Food poisoning and urinary tract infections in India are popularly treated with pomegranate peel extract and have been found to have an effective effect on fighting bacteria in some pomegranate components in many bacteria such as Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli, Pomegranate husks have the ability to fight Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli, and Yersinia enterocolitis. It also has an effect in the fight against Listeria but at higher concentrations.
Fighting influenza and malaria
The tannin compounds present in pomegranate act as antiviral and thus can affect respiratory infection and influenza. Multi-phenol compounds extracted from pomegranate peel stop the division of RNA in the avian influenza virus and prevent its reproduction and directly destroy it, as it fights many Of human influenza viruses, including the H1N1 virus, but its impact was weaker in the H5N1 virus isolated from birds.
A recent mixture of pomegranate husks in ancient Indian Ayurvedic medicine has been used to treat malaria. Recent studies have found evidence of this role using methanolic pomegranate extract. In one study, pomegranate extract found positive effects in the treatment of malaria-induced anemia, Positive in protecting liver cells from damage caused by the disease.
The ability to heal wounds
Pomegranate peel extract can be used externally on dead skin and wounds, and some studies have given the extract of methanol pomegranate peel to treat gastrointestinal ulcers.
Treatment of osteoporosis
Some research suggests a role for pomegranate crusts in bone health and the ability of these shells and their antioxidants to fight osteoporosis due to the role of oxidative stress in this disease. For this purpose, one study found the ability of pomegranate extract to reduce the loss of bone density and loss of minerals, He has been able to stimulate bone building in mice that are stimulating osteoporosis.
Uses of Pomegranate peel
Dried pomegranate peel was used in Chinese medicine for many purposes. It was also used in ancient Egyptian civilizations to treat infections, cough, diarrhea, intestinal worms, infertility, Pomegranate peel is popularly boiled for 10 to 40 minutes to obtain its water extract. It is also used externally for the treatment of bleeding of the gums and teeth, and 5 g- 10 g of crushed pomegranate husks two to three times daily to treat stomach acidity, and Some use it to strengthen the gums and treat mouth ulcers and bladder disorders.
It should be noted that the studies and research discussed above have been used laboratory methods for the production of pomegranate peel extracts and given under the supervision of experts, and therefore should not eat pomegranate peel without consulting an expert and should not be taken large amounts of it.