The systema nervosum could be a complicated and extremely specialized network that regulates and directs interactions between humans and his setting. The systema nervosum controls most of the body’s functions, like hearing, sight, taste, smell, and feeling, similarly as management of voluntary and involuntary tasks, Balance, and coordination. The systema nervosum conjointly manages and regulates the functioning of alternative body organs. it’s chargeable for the flexibility to suppose and build choices, to bear in mind of thoughts, memories, and language. The systema nervosum is split into 2 parts: the central nervous system; that consists of the brain and also the duct Ki, and also the peripheral systema nervosum, that is that the nerve cells that management voluntary and involuntary movements.
Nutrients important for the health and sources of the nervous system
A healthy diet is of great importance in maintaining the health and strength of the nervous system. The body needs a balanced, healthy and varied diet, adequate amounts of all nutrients to build a healthy nervous system, and a neural network of neurons and nerves during the course of life. All nutrients affect directly and indirectly the functions of the brain and nervous system. The following is a list of nutrients that significantly affect the functions and health of the nerves and the nervous system as a whole:
- Vitamin B 1 Thiamine: The nervous system needs vitamin B 1 to produce energy from glucose. It also regulates the cognitive performance of humans and maintains the integrity of neurons The rich sources of this vitamin include: beans, grains Whole supported and their products such as: (bread, pasta, cereal).
- Vitamin B3 (Niacin): This sustenance contributes to the upkeep of nerve health, and from its sources: chicken, fish, meat and whole grains supported.
- Vitamin B6: The importance of this vitamin is because it enters the composition of some neurotransmitters, and its sources: fortified grains, bananas, chicken, eggs, peas, spinach.
- Vitamin B9 (folic acid): Works to preserve the brain during development, and maintains memory during aging, and from its sources: fortified cereals, lentils, and dark leafy vegetables.
- Vitamin B12: Vitamin B12 maintains the central nervous system, delaying the appearance of dementia, and from its sources: beef, chicken, and fortified foods.
- Vitamin C: where the nerve endings contain a high concentration of it to perform certain functions, and sources rich in vitamin C: citrus fruits, berries, tomatoes.
- Vitamin D: helps in the prevention of various neurological diseases, and its sources: milk and its products supported, and supported grains, and yolks.
- Vitamin E: The brain needs this vitamin to protect membranes that encapsulate nerve cells. Green leafy vegetables, almonds, hazelnuts, and vegetable oils, such as sunflower oil and canola oil.
- Vitamin K: This vitamin is used in the biochemistry of neural tissues. Green leafy vegetables, such as parsley, turnip, broccoli, cabbage, avocado, kiwi and grapes.
- Iron: Iron is necessary to ensure that oxygen reaches the brain and nerve cells, energy production, and neurotransmitter composition. It is found that children with attention deficit and hyperactivity disorder suffer from iron deficiency. Iron concentration in the umbilical artery is important to determine IQ during The development of the fetus, iron deficiency anemia is common in women; it is related to indigestion, depression, rapid fatigue, iron sources: green leafy vegetables, beans, red meat, eggs and chicken.
- Omega 3: The body uses omega-3 fats to build the brain and nerve cells. It also helps protect against some neurological and psychological disorders such as depression, dementia, and Alzheimer’s disease. They affect the chemical reactions within the brain and nervous system and in the functions of neurons. The formation of the membrane around the brain and nerve cells. Fatty fish are considered omega-3 rich sources such as salmon and sardines.
- Food fiber: Food fiber is associated with higher levels of vigilance and less stress. Fiber sources include whole grains, vegetables, fruits, legumes, nuts, and seeds.
- Zinc: Zinc enters the formation of nerve signals. Zinc deficiency has been associated with many neurological diseases, including Alzheimer’s, depression and Parkinson’s disease. Red meat, fortified grains, almonds, peanuts, chickpeas and dairy products are among the sources.
- Magnesium: This component is essential for learning and memory, and low magnesium levels are associated with many neurological diseases, including migraines, depression, and epilepsy. Sources include whole grains, green leafy vegetables, almonds, peanuts, nuts, peas, avocados and bananas.
- Copper: The brain needs copper to control nerve signals, and its sources are: liver, seafood, cashew nuts, sunflower seeds, wheat bran, and cocoa beans.
Causes of weak nerves
There are many causes that cause pain and damage to the nerves, and we mention the following:
- Autoimmune diseases: A variety of diseases can lead to pain and nerve damage.
- Some types of cancer.
- Stress and shock: Anything that causes trauma or pressure on the nerves can damage them.
- Diabetes: 70% of people with diabetes suffer from nerve damage, which becomes more likely as the disease progresses.
- Side effects of drugs and toxic substances: Foreign substances that enter the body intentionally or unintentionally may cause pain and nerve damage. These include drugs such as: some chemical treatments for cancer, toxic substances that can be mistakenly taken, including lead, arsenic and mercury .
- Lack of nutrients: Deficiency of certain nutrients, such as vitamins B6 and B12, can damage nerves.
Guidelines for the maintenance of nerve health
A set of preventive guidelines can be followed to maintain the health of the nervous system and nerves. Here are some of them:
- Do regular exercise.
- Stay away from smoking.
- Give the body sufficient rest.
- Care for health conditions that may cause a decrease in the functioning of the nervous system, such as diabetes and high blood pressure.
- A balanced diet, focusing on sources rich in vitamin B6, vitamin B 12, and folic acid.
- Enter lots of fresh fruits and vegetables and whole grains into the diet.
- Drink plenty of water and other liquids to prevent dehydration, especially in hot weather and exercise.
- Limit the intake of caffeine-containing beverages such as coffee and soft drinks, increasing the risk of drought.